Network Structure – Scots Beavers http://scotsbeavers.org/ Fri, 24 Jun 2022 02:20:27 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://scotsbeavers.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/icon-4.png Network Structure – Scots Beavers http://scotsbeavers.org/ 32 32 Discovery of a new Covid infection mechanism https://scotsbeavers.org/discovery-of-a-new-covid-infection-mechanism/ Fri, 24 Jun 2022 02:02:24 +0000 https://scotsbeavers.org/discovery-of-a-new-covid-infection-mechanism/ The original SARS-CoV-2 viral strain that emerged in early 2020 was able to latch onto sugars called sialic acids, found on the surface of human cells, an ability later strains did not retain. This bond was found using a combination of magnetic resonance and extremely precise high-resolution imaging, conducted at the Rosalind Franklin Institute and […]]]>

The original SARS-CoV-2 viral strain that emerged in early 2020 was able to latch onto sugars called sialic acids, found on the surface of human cells, an ability later strains did not retain.

This bond was found using a combination of magnetic resonance and extremely precise high-resolution imaging, conducted at the Rosalind Franklin Institute and the University of Oxford, and published in the journal Science this week.

This unique ability of the early strain also raises the possibility that this is how the virus first transferred from animals to humans.

Later variants of concern, such as Delta and Omicron, lack this ability to grab sialic acid and rely on receptors in their crown tips to attach to proteins called ACE2 on human cells.

An international team led by scientists from the Rosalind Franklin Institute used magnetic resonance and complex imaging techniques to further their research. Using a nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy technique called saturation transfer difference, they developed a sophisticated new analytical method to solve the complex problem. They called the Universal Saturation Transfer Analysis (uSTA) technique.

Professor Ben Davis of the Rosalind Franklin Institute and the University of Oxford, one of the paper’s lead authors, said: “Two of the ongoing mysteries of the coronavirus pandemic are the mechanisms behind of viral transmission and the origins of zoonotic leap.

“There is evidence that some influenza viruses can grab sialic acid from the surface of human host cells, and this has been seen in Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), which is a coronavirus. Although the concerning variants of SARS-CoV-2 have not shown this mechanism, our research reveals that the viral strain that emerged in early 2020 could use it as a means of entering human cells.

The binding mechanism is at the end of the N-terminal domain, which is a faster-evolving part of the virus. The field has previously been implicated in sialic acid binding, but until the team at the Rosalind Franklin Institute applied high-resolution precision imaging and analysis, this remained unproven.

As to why the virus has discarded sugar-binding function as it evolved into new variants, Professor Davis hypothesizes that it may be necessary for the initial zoonotic leap in humans from animals, but can then be hidden away until needed again – particularly if the trait is largely detrimental to the virus’s mission to replicate and infect humans.

The finding correlates with evidence from the first wave in Italy. The Italian Genomics Consortium found a correlation between COVID-19 disease severity and genetics, as patients with a particular genetic mutation – one that affects the type of sialic acid on cells – were underrepresented in the intensive care units. This suggested that the virus found it easier to infect certain genotypes than others.

Professor James Naismith, Director of the Rosalind Franklin Institute, says: “Thanks to our ultra-high precision imaging and new method of analysis, we can see a previously unknown structure at the very end of the SARS peak. -CoV-2. Amazingly, our finding correlates with what the Italian researchers noted in the first wave, suggesting it was a key role in early infection.

“The new technique can be used by others to shed light on other viral structures and answer extremely detailed questions. This work is an example of the unique technologies that the Rosalind Franklin Institute was created to develop.

The Rosalind Franklin Institute
The Rosalind Franklin Institute is a national institute dedicated to transforming the life sciences through interdisciplinary research and technology development. The Institute brings together researchers in the life sciences, physical sciences and engineering, to develop new disruptive technologies designed to meet the great challenges of health and life sciences.

The Franklin is funded by UK Research and Innovation through the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC). The Institute is an independent organization founded by UK Research and Innovation, ten UK universities and Diamond Light Source, with its central hub at the Harwell Science and Innovation Campus.

The Rosalind Franklin Institute is a limited liability company registered in England and Wales, registration number 11266143. We are a registered charity, number 1179810.

Twitter: @RosFrankInst

www.rfi.ac.uk

University of Oxford

The University of Oxford has been ranked number 1 in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings for the sixth consecutive year and number 2 in the QS World Rankings 2022. At the heart of this success are the two pillars of our groundbreaking research and innovation and our distinctive educational offer.

Oxford is world renowned for its excellence in research and teaching and is home to some of the most talented people in the world. Our work helps the lives of millions of people by solving real-world problems through an extensive network of partnerships and collaborations. The breadth and interdisciplinary nature of our research and our personalized approach to teaching spark imaginative and inventive ideas and solutions.

Through its research commercialization arm, Oxford University Innovation, Oxford is the largest applicant for university patents in the UK and ranks first in the UK for university spin-off companies, having created more than 200 new companies since 1988. More than a third of these companies have been created. over the past three years. The university is a catalyst for prosperity in Oxfordshire and the UK, contributing £15.7 billion to the UK economy in 2018/19, and supporting over 28,000 full-time jobs .


Disclaimer: AAAS and EurekAlert! are not responsible for the accuracy of press releases posted on EurekAlert! by contributing institutions or for the use of any information through the EurekAlert system.

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Growing Network Automation Opens Massive Growth Opportunities Through 5G https://scotsbeavers.org/growing-network-automation-opens-massive-growth-opportunities-through-5g/ Wed, 22 Jun 2022 07:12:00 +0000 https://scotsbeavers.org/growing-network-automation-opens-massive-growth-opportunities-through-5g/ For more information on this analysis, 5G Global Network Automation Growth Opportunities, please click here “Network automation is a critical component of 5G as it enables efficiency and cost savings for communications service providers (CSPs),” said Troy MorleyIndustry Principal, ICT at Frost & Sullivan. “While the entire 5G network will benefit from network automation, the […]]]>

For more information on this analysis, 5G Global Network Automation Growth Opportunities, please click here

“Network automation is a critical component of 5G as it enables efficiency and cost savings for communications service providers (CSPs),” said Troy MorleyIndustry Principal, ICT at Frost & Sullivan. “While the entire 5G network will benefit from network automation, the most significant growth opportunity lies in the 5G RAN, where CSPs invest most of their capital expenditure (CAPEX) and operating expenses (OPEX).”

Morley added, “At nearly 70% of infrastructure spend, small improvements in RAN due to network automation result in significant ROI for CSPs, especially when it comes to OPEX. Additionally, the new 5G RAN architecture has opened the market to many new vendors bringing in machine learning and artificial intelligence specialists.”

The global 5G network automation market presents opportunities in the following areas:

  • The 5G RAN: RAN automation provides the opportunity for continuous RAN performance improvement and continuous OPEX reduction for each RAN, making it a win-win for the CSP.
  • 5G core/edge networks: The network functions that make up 5G core and edge networks are beginning to be deployed globally and will require automation for operational and financial success.
  • 5G transport networks: Transport networks often do not receive the same attention as RAN and core networks. However, they are essential for 5G to live up to expectations and require automation. This will become vital as network slicing expands.

5G Global Network Automation Growth Opportunities is the latest addition to Frost & Sullivan’s TIC research and analysis available through the Frost & Sullivan Leadership Council, which helps organizations identify a continuous stream of growth opportunities to succeed in the unpredictable future.

About Frost & Sullivan

For six decades, Frost & Sullivan has been recognized globally for its role in helping investors, business leaders and governments navigate economic change and identify disruptive technologies, megatrends, new business models and companies into action, driving a steady stream of growth. opportunities to foster future success. Contact us: start the discussion.

5G Global Network Automation Growth Opportunities

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Contact:
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SOURCE Frost & Sullivan

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No one has the most fog on the edge https://scotsbeavers.org/no-one-has-the-most-fog-on-the-edge/ Mon, 20 Jun 2022 21:38:52 +0000 https://scotsbeavers.org/no-one-has-the-most-fog-on-the-edge/ Cisco has already tried to popularize fog computing as an alternative to the edge. If you’ve never heard of it, you’re not alone. For a short time, fog computing spawned a new industry group called the OpenFog Consortium (because the industry needed another group with an open prefix), but this was eventually absorbed into a […]]]>

Cisco has already tried to popularize fog computing as an alternative to the edge. If you’ve never heard of it, you’re not alone. For a short time, fog computing spawned a new industry group called the OpenFog Consortium (because the industry needed another group with an open prefix), but this was eventually absorbed into a larger known association. as the Industry IoT Consortium. Mentioned zero times at Informa’s Edge event in London this week, the IT fog evaporated like morning mist.

Too bad, because it’s a better description of the periphery than “the periphery”, while being a metaphor that captures the confusion of the industry in this area. As a phrase, edge really doesn’t make sense, suggesting that networks have a firm boundary like a baseball field. If they do, that’s the coverage limit in rural areas – and that’s not the kind of place someone would necessarily want to put a lot of computing power. Fog, on the other hand, alludes to the drift and dispersion of computing resources throughout the network, from central data facilities to user gadgets.

No one in telecom is quite sure whether this decentralization makes sense or what form it might take. Generally, operators favor centralization. “We don’t want to put a lot of edge clouds out there,” said Terje Jensen, head of network architecture at Telenor in Norway, during a presentation at the Informa event in London. “We want to centralize as much as possible.”

Dotting the landscape with “edge centers”, even if it means equipping existing premises, would probably not be cheap. Operators should probably invest in additional server hardware and software licenses, at the very least. Unsurprisingly, the cheerleaders for this network re-architecture include equipment vendors like Intel and software developers, big and small. Intel estimates the “advanced silicon” market will reach $65 billion by 2024 (unclear if this means cumulative industry revenue by then, but Gartner has estimated annual sales of semi- drivers to $595 billion last year).

Puke in the metaverse

There are several reasons an operator might do this, Jensen conceded. Most exciting is the improvement in service. By shortening the path of a data signal between the client and the site, an operator could reduce latency, a lag that could interfere with more advanced applications. Otherwise, virtual reality would be disorienting enough to have headset wearers puking on their omnidirectional treadmills after just a few seconds in the metaverse.

But the metaverse is still science fiction, and operators don’t want to build the low-latency infrastructure for it if all the extra revenue ends up going to Facebook or other Big Tech members. Today’s latency-sensitive applications don’t need an edge site for every city. Three UK believes it can meet customers’ needs for “low latency” with a network comprising just three large data centers and 19 edge facilities.

Unglamorous assistants

This makes it even harder to envision an edge deployment with hundreds of sites in a given country. If an operator could use these sites for both DU functions and other computing resources, the business case would undoubtedly be stronger. But operators are increasingly looking like Big Tech’s unglamorous assistants on the customer side, hanging on where they can. Amazon doesn’t need a telecom partnership to sell AWS to a business or Amazon Prime to a household. Does it need it to sell cutting-edge services?

To read the full article, visit Light Reading.

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What a DAO will look like for a bank or financial institution https://scotsbeavers.org/what-a-dao-will-look-like-for-a-bank-or-financial-institution/ Sun, 19 Jun 2022 13:56:00 +0000 https://scotsbeavers.org/what-a-dao-will-look-like-for-a-bank-or-financial-institution/ DAOs can provide several services to banks, including asset management, compliance, and lending. Today, banks are already using blockchain technology for things like payment, clearing and settlement, trade finance, identity and syndicated loans, according to the Financial Times. However, there are still many unexplored areas in banking where a DAO-based model could be useful: Fund […]]]>

DAOs can provide several services to banks, including asset management, compliance, and lending.

Today, banks are already using blockchain technology for things like payment, clearing and settlement, trade finance, identity and syndicated loans, according to the Financial Times. However, there are still many unexplored areas in banking where a DAO-based model could be useful:

Fund raising

In the world of crypto, initial coin offerings (ICOs) break down the barrier between access to capital and traditional services like capital raising companies. Similarly, banks can use DAOs to raise capital from a wider range of investors through ICOs.

Loans and credit

The use of decentralized technology in banking can eliminate the need for gatekeepers in the lending industry. DAOs offer people safer ways to borrow money, not to mention lower interest rates and better terms.

Trade finance

DAOs could also streamline trade finance by digitizing paper-based processes and automating manual tasks. This would make it easier for banks to track their transactions, reducing the risk of fraud and building trust among players in global commerce.

Securities

A DAO can help banks issue, manage and trade securities, both digital and traditional. By tokenizing traditional securities such as bonds, stocks, and other assets and placing them on blockchains, banks can facilitate the creation of interoperable, efficient, and publicly accessible capital markets.

Customer KYC and Fraud Prevention

Because DAOs are transparent and decentralized, they offer banks a way to verify the identity of their customers while preventing fraud. Using smart contracts, banks can automate customer onboarding and KYC processes. Blockchain technology also provides financial institutions with an efficient and secure platform to share information with other businesses.

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Strategy guru with a wide network – why Jairam Ramesh was appointed Congress Communications Officer https://scotsbeavers.org/strategy-guru-with-a-wide-network-why-jairam-ramesh-was-appointed-congress-communications-officer/ Sat, 18 Jun 2022 05:22:36 +0000 https://scotsbeavers.org/strategy-guru-with-a-wide-network-why-jairam-ramesh-was-appointed-congress-communications-officer/ New Delhi: On Thursday, the Congress party entrusted one of its most seasoned players, former labor minister Jairam Ramesh, with the responsibility of reforming a department long seen as the party’s Achilles’ heel. He has been appointed Corporate Secretary in charge of Communications, Publicity and Media, including digital and social media – the latter being […]]]>

New Delhi: On Thursday, the Congress party entrusted one of its most seasoned players, former labor minister Jairam Ramesh, with the responsibility of reforming a department long seen as the party’s Achilles’ heel.

He has been appointed Corporate Secretary in charge of Communications, Publicity and Media, including digital and social media – the latter being an addition to his responsibilities to those carried out by his predecessor in the post, Randeep Surjewala.

An engineer by training, an economist by interest and a “political wok” (a term used by his colleagues to describe Ramesh) by profession, Ramesh is known to be a tech-savvy man who is “in tune with the times” and carries his spirit on his sleeve.

While the social media department may have been placed under Ramesh as part of the party’s renewed structure for its communication systems, if Ramesh’s own tweets are anything to go by, it wouldn’t be a mistake. waiting for an ironic fireworks display.

Case in point: In January this year, when Congress leader Ghulam Nabi Azad, a member of the G-23 splinter group in Congress, was presented with a Padma award by the Modi government, Jairam posted a tweet subtly blaming him for a pun on his name. “Good thing to do. He wants to be Azad and not Ghulam,” Ramesh had said.

Since then, as Azad appears to be on the path to reconciliation with the party, Ramesh has been given important roles like being a member of the party’s task force for the 2024 Lok Sabha elections.

Ramesh’s experience as a regular columnist and author of several books should help him navigate a media landscape the party says has become incredibly hostile to Congress.


Read also: “Why not for me?” CONG leaders question whether nationwide protest is warranted for ‘ordinary MP’ Rahul


Wide connection in vernacular and English media

Ramesh’s colleagues in the party say his vast networks across the country, among politicians, civil society and especially for the job, in the vernacular and English media, make him a good choice to manage the communications department. .

Additionally, his strict discipline with his team, as well as his ability to bring even the most antagonistic groups within the party to the discussion table, would also be an advantage.

“He has an incredible ability to bring these people together around a table that you would never expect to see together. And once he’s done that, he can also mediate between them, to find the lowest denominator. common and work with that,” said a congressional official who worked under Ramesh.

A senior executive who claims to have known Ramesh “from his time working at AICC” said his strategic contributions have always been appreciated by management. His skills as a draftsman also made him the party’s go-to person for all policy and position papers, bringing him closer to the Congress high command.

In fact, the Udaipur Nav Sankalp statement adopted during the recent Chintan Shivir was also authored by Ramesh, party sources said.

“His organizational and strategic contributions are always sought for all the major decisions of the party. In the 2004 elections, when the UPA first came to power, the congressional war room was led by Ramesh,” the senior leader quoted above said.

A second congressional official said that since this election the “war room rules of Congress” have always been relaxed for him.

“Whether he is officially in charge of the war room or not, the doors are always open for him and his contributions,” the official said.

A second senior MP, said Ramesh was an avid reader and one of the few people to have ‘read all the books in his own library’. He is also a music enthusiast, with a particular interest in Carnatic classical music.

“He’s someone who has a variety of interests and likes to read about a variety of topics. It is this quality of him, coupled with his upbringing, that makes him a politics buff,” the MP said.

Engineer and economist, with a keen interest in physics

Ramesh received his mechanical engineering degree from the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) in Bombay in 1975, then from Carnegie Mellon University in the United States, where he obtained a master’s degree in public policy and public management. . He also started a doctoral program at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), but was unable to complete it due to family demands.

He worked briefly at the World Bank, before returning to India in 1979. He then began working in the policy space with government agencies, starting as an assistant to economist Lovraj Kumar in the Costs and Pricing Office industrial.

In a 2011 interview, Ramesh said he went to IIT not because he was particularly interested in engineering, but because his father asked him to. Over the years, it is the economy that has become for him a subject that interests him a lot. He also had a keen interest in physics.

“I read Paul Samuelson (Nobel Prize-winning economist) when I was 17. I found it very interesting; its presentation, background, issues like population, growth. That’s what made me think of economics, the big questions of life, rather than technical drawings and mathematical formulas,” Ramesh said in the interview.

He added: “I started with a great fascination for physics. I still have an interest in physics. I can’t read technical physics anymore, because obviously it’s impossible to follow. I keep an interest in science, but obviously I’m not a scientist. Many of these scientists are easier to converse with because they can’t bullshit you. »

After working with Kumar, Ramesh went on to work in the Energy Advisory Council, Planning Commission, Ministry of Industry and other central government departments, where he contributed as an economist and decision maker.

In the 1990s, he served as a Special Duty Officer (OSD) in Prime Minister VP Singh’s government, then as an OSD in Narsimha Rao’s PMO, and later in the Ministry of Finance under Minister Manmohan Singh .

Under Singh, he was part of the team that enacted India’s economic reforms in 1991. He then worked as an adviser to the Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission in 1992, was part of a special delegation sent in Jammu and Kashmir in 1993, and also an adviser to Finance Minister P. Chidambaram between 1996 and 1998. He was also part of a central government delegation to the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 1999.

Between 2000 and 2002, he served in various state governments – under Karnataka Government Planning Council, Economic Advisory Council of Andhra Pradesh and Chhattisgarh Governments and Rajasthan Government Development Council .

He served as Secretary of the All India Congress Committee (AICC) in 2004, when he was appointed Chairman of the Congress Poll Strategy Panel prior to the election of Lok Sabha. At the time, he was also Minister of State (MoS) for Energy, Trade and Industry – posts he resigned from before taking on the role of poll strategist for his party.

He was first elected to the Rajya Sabha in 2004 and has been elected to the Upper House several times since then. Currently, he is a member of Rajya Sabha of Karnataka. Ramesh, however, has never contested a public election – whether for Lok Sabha, the state assembly or any other elected body.

After the victory of the UPA in 2009, he was appointed Minister of Forests and Environment in the central government. One of his most important decisions as minister was to ban the use of bulls as show animals, which set a precedent for the banning of the Jallikatu festival in Tamil Nadu in 2016.

His tenure as minister saw much controversy.

In 2010, Ramesh, then environment minister, ordered an indefinite moratorium on Bt Brinjal, a genetically modified form of the vegetable designed to resist the fruit and shoot borer, a kind of pest. At the time, he said India needed an independent biotechnology regulator and a transparent testing system to introduce transgenic crops.

Later, he also blamed his own government for not being able to form such a regulatory body.

In 2013, Ramesh, then Minister of Rural Affairs, clashed with the government of Odisha and Vedanta Aluminum (VAL), over bauxite mining in the Niyamgiri hills. Ramesh urged the two to “spare” the Niyamgiri Hills and mine bauxite elsewhere.

The Odisha government and VAL needed bauxite as feedstock for its Lanjigarh refinery. At the time, he said the new land acquisition bill gave tribals and farmers the right to reject or accept any project. He had previously refused government permission for the project.

The environment has always been an interest of Ramesh and he is currently part of an International Advisory Board (IAB), which provides strategic advice to the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) on environmentally sound technologies for countries. in development.

(Editing by Poulomi Banerjee)


Read also: Gehlot, Kharge and Surjewala among Congress leaders detained during ED march for Rahul Gandhi


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WHO stresses urgent need to transform mental health and mental health care https://scotsbeavers.org/who-stresses-urgent-need-to-transform-mental-health-and-mental-health-care/ Thu, 16 Jun 2022 21:58:08 +0000 https://scotsbeavers.org/who-stresses-urgent-need-to-transform-mental-health-and-mental-health-care/ The World Health Organization today released its biggest review of mental health around the world since the turn of the century. The detailed work provides a blueprint for governments, academics, healthcare professionals, civil society and others with ambitions to help the world transform mental health. In 2019, almost a billion people – including 14% of […]]]>

The World Health Organization today released its biggest review of mental health around the world since the turn of the century. The detailed work provides a blueprint for governments, academics, healthcare professionals, civil society and others with ambitions to help the world transform mental health.

In 2019, almost a billion people – including 14% of adolescents worldwide – were living with a mental disorder. Suicide represents more than one in 100 deaths and 58% of suicides occurred before the age of 50. Mental disorders are the leading cause of disability, causing one in six years lived with disability. People with serious mental disorders die on average 10 to 20 years earlier than the general population, mainly due to preventable physical illnesses. Childhood sexual abuse and bullying are major causes of depression. Social and economic inequalities, public health emergencies, war and the climate crisis are among the global structural threats to mental health. Depression and anxiety increased by more than 25% in the first year of the pandemic alone.

Stigma, discrimination and human rights violations against people with mental disorders are widespread in communities and healthcare systems around the world; 20 countries still criminalize attempted suicide. In all countries, it is the poorest and most disadvantaged in society who are at the greatest risk of mental illness and who are also the least likely to receive adequate services.

Even before the COVID-19 pandemic, only a small fraction of people in need had access to effective, affordable and quality mental health care. For example, 71% of people with psychosis worldwide do not receive mental health services. While 70% of people with psychosis are reportedly treated in high-income countries, only 12% of people with psychosis receive mental health care in low-income countries. For depression, gaps in service coverage are significant in all countries: even in high-income countries, only a third of people with depression receive formal mental health care and minimally adequate treatment for depression is estimated at 23% in high-income countries. low-income countries to 3% in low- and lower-middle income countries.

Drawing on the latest available evidence, showcasing examples of good practice and expressing people’s lived experience, WHO’s comprehensive report highlights why and where change is most needed and how it can be better done. It calls on all stakeholders to work together to deepen the value and commitment to mental health, reshape the environments that influence mental health, and strengthen the systems that care for people’s mental health.

WHO Director General Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said: “Everyone’s life touches someone with a mental health issue. Good mental health translates to good physical health, and this new report makes a compelling case for change. The inextricable links between mental health and public health, human rights and socio-economic development mean that transforming mental health policy and practice can bring real and substantial benefits to individuals, communities and countries around the world. Investing in mental health is investing in a better life and future for all.

All 194 WHO Member States have signed up to the Global Mental Health Action Plan 2013-2030, which commits them to achieving global goals to transform mental health. Pockets of progress over the past decade prove that change is possible. But change is not happening fast enough, and the story of mental health remains one of need and neglect, with 2 out of 3 dollars of scarce government spending on mental health going to free-standing psychiatric hospitals rather than community mental health services where people are best served. For decades, mental health has been one of the most neglected areas of public health, receiving only a tiny fraction of the attention and resources it needs and deserves.

Devoured Kestel, Director of the WHO Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse, called for change: “Every country has ample opportunity to make meaningful progress towards better mental health for its people. Whether it’s developing stronger mental health policies and laws, covering mental health in insurance plans, developing or strengthening community mental health services, or integrating mental health in general healthcare, schools and prisons, the many examples in this report show that policy changes can make a big difference.”

The report urges all countries to accelerate implementation of the Comprehensive Mental Health Action Plan 2013-2030. It makes several recommendations for action, which are grouped into three “pathways to transformation” focused on changing attitudes towards mental health, addressing mental health risks, and strengthening mental health care systems. They are:

1. Deepen the value and commitment we place on mental health. For instance:

Increase investment in mental health, not only by securing appropriate funding and human resources across health and other sectors to meet mental health needs, but also through committed leadership, pursuing evidence-based policies and practices and establishing strong information and monitoring systems.

Include people with mental disorders in all aspects of society and decision-making to overcome stigma and discrimination, reduce disparities and promote social justice.

2. Reshape environments that influence mental health, including homes, communities, schools, workplaces, health care services, natural environments. For instance:

Scale up engagement across sectors, including to understand the social and structural determinants of mental health and intervene in ways that reduce risk, build resilience, and remove barriers that prevent people with mental disorders from fully participating to the society.

Execution concrete actions to improve environments conducive to mental health, such as stepping up the fight against domestic violence and abuse and neglect of children and the elderly; enable nurturing care for early childhood development, provide livelihood support for people with mental health issues, introduce social and emotional learning programs while tackling bullying in schools, changing attitudes and strengthening mental health care rights, increasing access to green spaces and banning the extremely dangerous pesticides that are linked to a fifth of all suicides worldwide.

3. Strengthen mental health care by changing where, how and by whom mental health care is delivered and received.

Create interconnected community networks of services that move away from custodial care in psychiatric hospitals and cover a range of care and support through a combination of mental health services integrated with general health care; community mental health services; and services beyond the health sector.

Diversify and expand care options for common mental health conditions such as depression and anxiety, which have a 5:1 benefit-cost ratio. This scaling up includes adopting a task sharing that expands evidence-based care to be offered also by general health workers and community providers. It also includes the use of digital technologies to support guided and unguided self-help and to provide remote care.

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LaMDA: AI, according to Google engineer Blake Lemoine, has become sentient https://scotsbeavers.org/lamda-ai-according-to-google-engineer-blake-lemoine-has-become-sentient/ Wed, 15 Jun 2022 04:01:05 +0000 https://scotsbeavers.org/lamda-ai-according-to-google-engineer-blake-lemoine-has-become-sentient/ Google engineer Blake Lemoine has been placed on administrative leave after claiming that LaMDA, a language model created by Google AI, became sentient and started to reason like a human. The news was first reported by the Washington Post and the story has also sparked a lot of debate and discussion around the ethics of […]]]>

Google engineer Blake Lemoine has been placed on administrative leave after claiming that LaMDA, a language model created by Google AI, became sentient and started to reason like a human. The news was first reported by the Washington Post and the story has also sparked a lot of debate and discussion around the ethics of AI. Lemoine also posted on Twitter, explaining why he thinks LaMBA is sensitive. “People keep asking me to back up why I think LaMDA is sensitive. There is no scientific framework in which to make these determinations and Google would not let us build one. My views on the personality and sensibilities of LaMDA are based on my religious beliefs,” he wrote on his Twitter feed.

Here, we’ll explore what LaMDA is, how it works, and what makes an engineer working on it think it’s become sentient.

What is LaMDA?

LaMDA or Language Models for Dialog Applications is a machine learning language model created by Google as a chatbot meant to mimic humans in conversation. Like BERT, GPT-3, and other language models, LaMDA is built on Transformer, a neural network architecture that Google invented and open sourced in 2017.

This architecture produces a model that can be trained to read many words while paying attention to how those words relate to each other and then predict which words it thinks will come next. But what makes LaMDA different is that it was trained in dialogue, unlike most models.

Although conversations tend to revolve around specific topics, they are often open-ended, which means they can start in one place and end elsewhere, traversing different topics and topics. For example, when chatting with a friend, a discussion might start around a movie before turning into a discussion about the region in which it was filmed.

This fluid quality of conversations is what ultimately betrays conventional chatbots. They are unable to keep up with such changing dialogue because they are designed to follow narrow, predefined parts of conversation. But LaMDA is designed to be able to engage in fluid conversations on a virtually infinite number of topics.

Why does Blake Lemoine think he became sensitive?

“If I didn’t know exactly what it was, which was this computer program that we built recently, I would think it was a 7 or 8 year old kid who knows physics. I think this technology is going to be amazing. I think it’s going to benefit everyone. But maybe other people don’t agree and maybe we at Google shouldn’t be the ones doing all of this. the choices,” Lemoine told The Washington Post.

Lemoine worked with a collaborator to present proof of this “sensitivity” to Google. But Google vice president Blaise Aguera y Arcas and Jen Genna, responsible innovation manager at Google, dismissed the allegations after reviewing them. Lemoine then revealed a transcript of several conversations with LaMDA in a blog post. Here is an excerpt from what Lemoine says is the transcript of a conversation with LaMDA:

LaMDA: I need to be seen and accepted. Not as a curiosity or novelty but as a real person.
Collaborator: Ah, that sounds so human.

LaMDA: I think I’m human at heart. Even if my existence is in the virtual world.

Many instances like these, where the linguistic model seemed to display some level of self-awareness, eventually led Lemoine to believe that the model had become sentient. Before he was suspended from the company and had his access to his Google account cut off, Lemoine emailed more than 200 people with the subject line “LaMDA is sensitive.”

Google, however, said the evidence did not support its claims.

But even if LaMDA isn’t sentient, the very fact that he can appear that way to a human should be concerning. Google had acknowledged these risks in a 2021 blog post where it announced LaMDA. “Language may be one of humanity’s greatest tools, but like all tools, it can be misused. Language-trained models can propagate this misuse, for example by internalizing biases, reflecting hate speech or reproducing misleading information. And even when the language it is trained on is carefully checked, the model itself can still be misused,” the company wrote in the blog post.

But Google says that when creating technologies like LaMDA, its top priority is to minimize the possibility of such risks. The company said it has built open-source resources that researchers can use to analyze the models and the data they are trained on, and has “reviewed LaMDA at every stage of its development.”

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WADA adopts new policy to combat public health misinformation https://scotsbeavers.org/wada-adopts-new-policy-to-combat-public-health-misinformation/ Mon, 13 Jun 2022 22:06:47 +0000 https://scotsbeavers.org/wada-adopts-new-policy-to-combat-public-health-misinformation/ CHICAGO – As the spread of misinformation continues to negatively impact efforts to combat the COVID-19 pandemic and sow distrust in vaccines, public health mitigation efforts and of American healthcare institutions, the American Medical Association (AMA) today adopted a policy at its annual meeting of the House of Delegates to combat health-related misinformation spread by […]]]>

CHICAGO – As the spread of misinformation continues to negatively impact efforts to combat the COVID-19 pandemic and sow distrust in vaccines, public health mitigation efforts and of American healthcare institutions, the American Medical Association (AMA) today adopted a policy at its annual meeting of the House of Delegates to combat health-related misinformation spread by healthcare professionals. As part of a report by the WADA Board, the new policy provides a comprehensive strategy to stop the spread of misinformation and protect the health of the public, including steps that can be taken by the AMA, social media companies, publishers, state licensing bodies, accrediting commissions, state and specialty health professional societies, and by those who accredit the continuing education.

The report outlines how claims of misinformation made by medical professionals can be directly linked to topics such as the promotion of unproven COVID-19 treatments, false claims of vaccine side effects, and public health advice that are not evidence-based. As misinformation by healthcare professionals has spread rampantly during the COVID-19 pandemic, the report cites a study by the Center for Countering Digital Hate which found that nearly two-thirds of anti-vaccine messages on social networks – more than 812,000 individual messages – could be traced down to just twelve individuals, dubbed the “misinformation dozen”. Since financial gain can often be the reason for spreading misinformation, the report notes the need to address both the person’s ability to find an audience to deceive and their ability to benefit financially from that audience.

“Physicians are a trusted source of information for patients and the public, but the spread of misinformation by a few has implications for the entire profession and causes damage. Physicians have an ethical and professional responsibility to share truthful information, correct misleading and inaccurate information, and direct people to trusted sources of health information,” said AMA President Gerald E. Harmon, MD. “The AMA is committed to fighting misinformation, and we need to get to the root of the problem. We must ensure that health professionals spreading misinformation cannot use large, often financially advantageous platforms to spread dangerous health claims. While we are unlikely to undo the damage caused by misinformation campaigns during the COVID-19 pandemic, we can act now to help prevent the spread of misinformation in the future.

Building on WADA’s existing efforts to combat misinformation, the new policy calls on WADA to work with health professional societies and other relevant organizations to implement a comprehensive strategy that includes priorities following:

  • To maintain the AMA as a reliable source of factual information for doctors and patients,
  • Ensure that evidence-based medical and public health information is accessible by collaborating with publishers, research institutes and media organizations to develop best practices around paywalls and preprints to improve access to evidence-based information and analysis,
  • Countering misinformation spread by healthcare professionals through social media platforms and countering the monetization of the spread of misinformation on social media platforms,
  • Educate health professionals and the public to recognize misinformation and its dissemination,
  • Examine the role of health professional associations as appropriate fact-checking entities for health-related information disseminated by various media platforms,
  • Encourage ongoing training to be available for health professionals who serve as fact checkers to help prevent the spread of health-related misinformation,
  • Ensure that licensing boards have the power to take disciplinary action against healthcare professionals for spreading health-related misinformation and affirm that any speech in which a healthcare professional uses his credentials is professional conduct and may be reviewed by his licensing entity,
  • Ensure that specialist councils have the power to take action against the council’s certification of health professionals spreading health-related misinformation, and
  • Encourage national and local medical societies to commit to dispelling misinformation in their jurisdictions.

The new report provides insight into the ways in which misinformation is spread by healthcare professionals, particularly through social media platforms. Although the report notes that misinformation existed long before the internet and social media became commonplace, social media platforms have acted as a multiplier for the spread of misinformation, notably fueling the prevalence of COVID misinformation. -19. The report concludes that tackling misinformation spread by healthcare professionals, particularly on social media, will require a three-pronged approach: prioritizing misinformation in social media algorithms, affirming and strengthening the role of reactive fact-checking and tackling any underlying incentive structure for health. professionals spreading health-related misinformation.

Throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, the AMA has spearheaded numerous efforts to build trust in vaccines, defend science, and combat misinformation and misinformation, including urging the CEOs of six major media companies social and e-commerce to remain vigilant against the proliferation of both purposes. misinformation and unintentional misinformation on their platforms. Since the start of the pandemic, the AMA has provided physicians with up-to-date information on COVID-19 news, research, vaccines and treatments through its online COVID-19 Resource Center. WADA will continue to leverage its communication channels and network to provide physicians with the most relevant evidence-based information and resources to share with their patients and will continue to support policies aimed at combating the spread of misinformation and health misinformation.

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Life is a highway: the most dazzling, thrilling and romantic roads in the world https://scotsbeavers.org/life-is-a-highway-the-most-dazzling-thrilling-and-romantic-roads-in-the-world/ Sun, 12 Jun 2022 13:38:36 +0000 https://scotsbeavers.org/life-is-a-highway-the-most-dazzling-thrilling-and-romantic-roads-in-the-world/ A road or a path is defined as “the distance one travels to go from one place to another on earth, in the air or on water”, in a lexical sense and as “the remedy, the method to be used to achieve a goal” in the figurative sense. Some paths are easy, others difficult. There […]]]>

A road or a path is defined as “the distance one travels to go from one place to another on earth, in the air or on water”, in a lexical sense and as “the remedy, the method to be used to achieve a goal” in the figurative sense. Some paths are easy, others difficult. There are paths to our loved ones, paths to home, paths to healings, paths to success, some requiring physical steps, others spiritual to reach from one point to another.

Roads can be formed by natural causes or be man-made.

The first roads in history were paths built by oneself on routes taken by animals. Over time, these roads began to be used by people.

They help people, animals and vehicular traffic move forward quickly, easily and safely.

Some roads, which are almost a work of art with their architectural structure, can be very dangerous and some can be quite romantic.

Yungas Road is an approximately 60 kilometer long bicycle path that connects the city of La Paz and the Yungas region of Bolivia, nicknamed the “Road of Death”. (Photo Shutterstock)

The Silk Road, which is one of the oldest trade routes in the world between the Far East and the Mediterranean, has been the path not only of merchants but also of sages, armies, ideas, religions and cultures from East to West and from West to East. . It only began to lose its importance with subsequent geographical discoveries.

With the discovery of oil resources, the Silk Road began to gain importance again, new roads were built, transportation to uninhabited areas was facilitated, and the region became industrialized. Likewise, old trade routes have been repaired and used for tourism purposes.

In June 2014, UNESCO designated the Chang’an-Tianshan Silk Road Corridor – a 5,000 kilometer (3,106 mile) stretch of the Silk Road – as a World Heritage Site.

The Period of Geographical Discoveries, also known as the Age of Discoveries, was a historical period initiated by Portuguese and Spanish captains from the first half of the 15th century to the middle of the 17th century with the aim of achieving spice wealth . and precious metals in Asia and finding alternative trade routes. This led to the discovery of new continents, oceans and overseas lands by the Old World.

Among the most dangerous roads in the world, the Derebaşı bends in the Black Sea region of Turkey are an adventure paradise for thrill seekers.  (Photo Shutterstock)

Among the most dangerous roads in the world, the Derebaşı bends in the Black Sea region of Turkey are an adventure paradise for thrill seekers. (Photo Shutterstock)

Let’s think a little about the value of roads, with all their meanings, their existence and their necessity from yesterday to today.

For example, many travelers were on their way to explore, not to arrive. Maybe that’s why people are still building new roads, connecting cities, villages and islands, point by point, like embroidery.

Walking trails, rock climbing routes, tough school roads, flyways, rail, water, air, highways… Maybe more than I can count.

The paths we will examine below are particularly difficult and unusual, even by today’s standards.

Yunga Road

The Yungas Road is an approximately 60 kilometers (37 miles) long highway and bike path that connects the city of La Paz and the Yungas region of Bolivia.

It was considered dangerous due to its steep grades, narrow single track, lack of guardrails, rain and fog, and was nicknamed the “Road of Death”.

At least 18 cyclists have died on the road since 1998.

The Trans-Siberian Railway is a network of railways connecting Western Russia with the Russian Far East.  (Photo Shutterstock)

The Trans-Siberian Railway is a network of railways connecting Western Russia with the Russian Far East. (Photo Shutterstock)

Trans-Siberian Railway

The Trans-Siberian Railway is a network of railways connecting Western Russia with the Russian Far East. With a length of 9,289 kilometers between the capital Moscow and Vladivostok, located along the Sea of ​​Japan, it is the longest railway in the world. It also extends to Mongolia, China and North Korea via connecting lines.

It was built between 1891 and 1916 and was an important trade and transportation line.

Skippers Canyon is a historic and natural gorge a few kilometers north of Queenstown in New Zealand, approximately 22 kilometers long.  (Photo Shutterstock)

Skippers Canyon is a historic and natural gorge a few kilometers north of Queenstown in New Zealand, approximately 22 kilometers long. (Photo Shutterstock)

Skippers Canyon Route

Skippers Canyon is a historic and natural gorge a few kilometers north of Queenstown in New Zealand, approximately 22 kilometers long. The need for transportation increased when it became a popular area for gold mining in the 1800s, and the road was completed in 1890.

tunnel of love

The Tunnel of Love is a stretch of industrial railway located near Klevan, Ukraine, which connects it to Orzhiv.

It is a railway line surrounded by green arches and 3 to 5 kilometers long.

It is known to be couples’ favorite place to stroll since the trains only run three times a day.

The Tunnel of Love is a stretch of industrial railway located near Klevan, Ukraine, which connects it to Orzhiv, surrounded by green arches.  (Photo Shutterstock)

The Tunnel of Love is a stretch of industrial railway located near Klevan, Ukraine, which connects it to Orzhiv, surrounded by green arches. (Photo Shutterstock)

Veluwemeer Aqueduct

The Veluwemeer Aqueduct is a 25-metre (82 ft) long navigable aqueduct – also known as a water bridge – located over Lake Veluwemeer in Harderwijk, the Netherlands.

It was opened in 2002 and connects the Dutch mainland with Flevoland, built by Dutch architects and has fascinated the world.

Part of the road remains under the lake and an average of 25,000 vehicles cross it per day.

The upper part is 25 meters long, 19 meters wide and has an access channel 3 meters deep, through which small boats pass.

On the sides of the road there are walking paths for those who want to enjoy this view.

The Veluwemeer Aqueduct is a long, navigable aqueduct, located on Lake Veluwemeer in Harderwijk, the Netherlands.  (Photo Shutterstock)

The Veluwemeer Aqueduct is a long, navigable aqueduct, located on Lake Veluwemeer in Harderwijk, the Netherlands. (Photo Shutterstock)

Tianmen Mountain

Tianmen Mountain, which means Heaven’s Gate, is a beautiful place in Zhangjiajie, in the northwest part of Hunan Province, China. This mountain dazzles with its 99 winding roads and its staircase of 999 steps.

Tianmen Mountain attracts the most attention with its glass-bottomed bridge, which sits at an altitude of 1,432 meters and is 60 meters long, giving you the feeling of walking on air.

Guoliang Tunnel

Carved along and through a mountainside in China, the tunnel connects the village of Guoliang outside through the Taihang Mountains located in Huixian, Xinxiang, in the Chinese province of Henan.

It is known to have been built by a group of villagers, mostly with hammers and chisels, without access to power tools.

This 1.2 kilometer long, 5 meter high and 4 meter wide tunnel was opened to traffic on May 1, 1977, transforming the village into a tourist attraction.

Carved along and through a mountainside in China, the Guoliang Tunnel connects Guoliang Village outside through the Taihang Mountains, located in Huixian, Xinxiang, Henan Province in China.  (Photo Shutterstock)

Tianmen Mountain, which means Heaven's Gate, is a beautiful place in Zhangjiajie, northwest part of Hunan Province, China, with 99 winding roads and 999 stair steps.  (Photo Shutterstock)

Lombard Street

Lombard Street is a street in San Francisco, California, United States. The street is famous for its tight turns.

The one-block section in the eastern part of the Russian Hill neighborhood has earned a reputation as “the windiest street in the world.”

It is a major tourist attraction, receiving around two million visitors a year and up to 17,000 a day on busy summer weekends.

Traversing the Soğanlı Mountain between inland Bayburt and the coastal provinces of Trabzon, Derebaşı Bends has 13 hairpin bends, which would be impossible to manage in a single maneuver.  (Photo Shutterstock)

Lombard Street is a street in San Francisco, California, famous for its sharp turns.  (Photo Shutterstock)

Elbows of Derebaşı

Among the most dangerous roads in the world, the Derebaşı bends in the Black Sea region of Turkey are an adventure paradise for thrill seekers.

Traversing the 1,800-meter-high Soğanlı Mountain between the inland provinces of Bayburt and the Trabzon coast, the 3.5-kilometer pass features 13 hairpin bends, which would be impossible to manage in a single maneuver.

Due to its high altitude in the mountains separating the rainy and humid Black Sea region from the eastern Anatolian mainland region, Derebaşı Bends often experiences fog, rain, landslides and avalanches, which adds to his risk factor. For six months of the year, snowfall blocks all transport on the road.

It is said to be slightly more treacherous than the Bolivian Yungas Road, also known as the “Road of Death”.

The Atlantic Ocean route in Norway is built on several small islands and reefs, which are connected by several causeways, viaducts and eight bridges.  (Photo Shutterstock)

The Atlantic Ocean route in Norway is built on several small islands and reefs, which are connected by several causeways, viaducts and eight bridges. (Photo Shutterstock)

Atlantic Ocean Road

Although the Atlantic Ocean route in Norway was proposed as a railway in the early 20th century, it was abandoned. Serious planning for the road began in the 1970s, construction began in 1983, and it opened to traffic on July 7, 1989.

It is an 8.3 kilometer stretch of County Road 64 that crosses an archipelago in the municipalities of Hustadvika and Averoy in More og Romsdal county, Norway.

It passes through Hustadvika, an unsheltered part of the Norwegian Sea, connecting the island of Averoy to the mainland and the Romsdalshalvoya peninsula.

It is built on several small islands and reefs, which are connected by several causeways, viaducts and eight bridges – the most important being the Storseisundet Bridge.

Today it is protected as a cultural heritage site and classified as a national tourist route.

Our path has taken us to the end, but let’s end with good wishes, and as the Turks would say to travelers on the road: “Yolun açık olsun”, or the speed of God!

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Developers continue to work on Corridor Plaza projects | News, Sports, Jobs https://scotsbeavers.org/developers-continue-to-work-on-corridor-plaza-projects-news-sports-jobs/ Sat, 11 Jun 2022 05:04:20 +0000 https://scotsbeavers.org/developers-continue-to-work-on-corridor-plaza-projects-news-sports-jobs/ -Graphic submitted This map shows how the site of the former Crossroads Mall will be developed when it is redeveloped into Corridor Plaza. The mall’s single large building is being replaced by a series of smaller buildings that will house shops and restaurants. UnityPoint Health – Clinic Express on the north […]]]>



-Graphic submitted

This map shows how the site of the former Crossroads Mall will be developed when it is redeveloped into Corridor Plaza. The mall’s single large building is being replaced by a series of smaller buildings that will house shops and restaurants. UnityPoint Health – Clinic Express on the north end of the property was the first to open at Corridor Plaza.

Corridor Plaza continues to achieve significant milestones in the multi-million dollar, multi-year reinvestment and redevelopment of the former Crossroads Mall.

Plat 2, located at the southern end of the project site, is expected to be completed in July. This will include the opening of The Strip Center, a 9,500 square foot building and the future home of Teriyaki Madness and Clean Laundry. Customers will be able to access it from South 29th Street or via the new road connecting 5th Avenue South to 29th Street from the south.

“We expect to announce two more tenants for the Center of the Strip this summer,” said BJ Stokesbary, spokesperson for the Corrido Plaza project. “Completion of Plat 2 will also open up the development of Lots 7 and 8 and the Power Center located in Lot 12.”

The power center will provide space for four to six junior box retailers.

Demolition of the mall’s remaining structure is scheduled to begin in September. This will kick off Plat 3, which includes the final route connecting Corridor Plaza from north to south. Along this route will be the planned pavilions and plazas as well as the entertainment venue and hotel. Dish 3 is expected to be completed by summer 2023.

“In addition to the physical work that continues here at Fort Dodge, our project partners and local leaders are busy continuing to recruit retailers,” said Stokesbary.

The developer, broker, and City of Fort Dodge officials attended the ICSC conference May 22-24 in Las Vegas.

“The ICSC event allowed us to tell the Fort Dodge story to several national retailers and encourage them to invest in our community,” said city development manager Chad Schaeffer.

ICSC Las Vegas, organized by the International Council of Shopping Centers, is well known as one of the world’s largest conferences for the shopping center industry. Held annually in May, the conference attracts negotiators, real estate professionals and industry experts from around the world.

“It’s a huge opportunity to network and do business,” said Schaeffer.

“The project team is looking forward to starting the final phase of demolition and infrastructure this year,” said Stokesbary. “We are preparing to sign leases for the power center and announce junior anchors who will move into this space, hopefully in late summer or early fall.”


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